Cladding

Our Service

Laser coating or laser cladding can be used to locally functionalize metallic components. In this process, an edge layer of typically 0.1 to 2 mm is applied to the component. The coating material employed is either powder or wire, or applied in advance as a tape. The complete melting of the filler results in a dense layer with optimal adhesion to the substrate. The most common application is for the wear protection, e.g. of tools, but also corrosion protection or high temperature resistance can be specifically improved. Common hard alloys based on cobalt, nickel and iron are used with and without the addition of hard materials. But also specifically adapted materials can be applied.

The range of services the group offers includes feasibility studies on customer-specific tasks, coating material development for specific applications, the integration of laser coating into production processes as well as consultancy in the design of processes and plants.

Carbide-containing tape during the remelting process.
© Fraunhofer ILT, Aachen, Germany.

Carbide-containing tape during the remelting process.

SEM micrograph of a tungsten layer with 200-fold magnification.
© Fraunhofer ILT, Aachen, Germany.

SEM micrograph of a tungsten layer with 200-fold magnification.

Laser coating of a forging sinker.
© Fraunhofer ILT, Aachen, Germany.

Laser coating of a forging sinker.

Process development

  • Customized solutions for wear and corrosion protection
  • Cladding at high rates
  • Local reinforcement of sheet components
  • Micro cladding of functional materials
  • Two-step cladding of metals using pastes, tapes or sprays

Materials

  • All metallic materials and metal based compounds
  • Customized materials
  • Gradient materials
  • Precious metals (e. g. gold, silver)

System technology

  • Consulting
  • Process installation at customer's site
  • Cooperation with various laser and system providers

Brochures and Flyers

Our brochures and flyers offer a quick view onto the service portfolio “Cladding“. Find more detailed information in the “project results“ tab.

 

Brochure “Laser Technology for Repair and Functionalization“

Flyer “Additive Manufacturing by Laser Metal Deposition (LMD)“

Branches

Laser technology can solve demanding tasks in many different industries. Whether as a tool in automotive production, as measuring equipment in the environmental sector, as a diagnostic or therapeutic instrument in medical technology or as a communication medium in space technology, the laser provides multiple uses with high productivity and high efficiency.

Read up about the innovations of the Fraunhofer ILT in a few selected industries and convince yourself!

Publications

Arias, J. L., Montealegre, M.A., Vidal, F., Rodriguez, J., Mann, S., Abels, P., Motmans, F.:
Real-time laser cladding control with variable spot size
Proc. SPIE 8970, 1-15 (2014)

Behrens, B.-A., Yilkiran,T., Ocylok, S., Weisheit, A., Kelbassa, I.:
Deposition welding of hot forging dies using nanoparticle reinforced weld metal
Prod. Eng. Online First (14. S.) (2014)

Bobzin, K., Kopp, N., Warda, T., Schulz, C., Rolink, G., Weisheit, A.: Investigation of wear and corrosion protection of AlSi20 coatings produced by thermal spraying and laser cladding on AZ31B
Thermal Spray 2012: Proceedings of the International Thermal Spray Conference (ITSC), (ASM International), 6 S. (2012)

Meixner, M., Stollenwerk, J., Wissenbach, K.:
Production of silver conductive paths by laser processing
Proc. of the 31st Int. Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics, ICALEO September 23-27, 2012, Anaheim, CA, USA (2012)

Hawelka, D., Stollenwerk, J., Pirch, N., Büsing, L., Wissenbach, K.:
Laser based inline production of wear protection coating on temperature sensitive substrates.
Phys. Proced. 12, Part A, 490-498, 2011

Ocylok, S., Weisheit, A., Kelbassa, I.:
Increased wear and oxidation resistance of titanium aluminide alloys by laser cladding.
Adv. Mat. Res. 278, 515-520, 2011

Taleb Araghi, B., Göttmann, A., Bergweiler, G., Saeed-Akbari, A., Bültmann, J., Zettler, J., Bambach, M., Hirt, G.:
Investigation on incremental sheet forming combined with laser heating and stretch forming for the production of lightweight structures.
Key Eng. Mat. 473, 919-928, 2011

Taleb Araghi, B., Göttmann, A., Bambach, M., Hirt, G., Bergweiler, G., Diettrich, J., Steiners, M., Saeed-Akbari, A.:
Review on the development of a hybrid incremental sheet forming system for small batch sizes and individualized production.
Prod. Eng. 5, Nr. 4, 393-404, 2011

Weisheit, A., Jambor, T., Belting, M.:
Automatisiertes Mikro-Laserauftragschweißen mit dem Faserlaser.
Thermisches Beschichten mit laserbasierten Fertigungsverfahren, Dresden, 24. März 2011. 39 S., 2011

Weisheit, A.:
Neue Werkstoffkonzepte für erhöhte Standzeiten und verbesserte Funktionalität von Werkzeugen und Formen.
Werkstoffe in der Fertigung Nr. 6, 4-5, 2011

Maischner, D., Müller, H., Wissenbach, K., Weisheit, A., Biermann, T.
Korrosionsschutz der Schnittflächen von Blechen durch lokales Verzinken und Kunststoffbeschichten mit Laserstrahlung
9. Dresdener Korrosionsschutztage, Dresden 13.-14.10.2010. T. 1. 27-37
2010

Ocylok, S., Weisheit, A., Kelbassa, I.
Functionally graded multi-layers by laser cladding for increased wear and corrosion protection
Physics Procedia 5, Nr 1, 359-367
2010

Ocylok, S., Weisheit, A., Kelbassa, I.
Increased wear and oxidation resistance of titanium aluminide alloys by laser cladding Euro Superalloys.
European Symposium on Superalloys and their Applications. Wildbad Kreuth, 25-28 May, 2010. (6 S.)
2010

A. Weisheit, K. Wissenbach
Graded layers for wear and corrosion protection produced by laser cladding
In: Friction, Wear and Wear Protection. (Eds.) A. Fischer, K. Bobzin
Weinheim: Wiley-VCH 2009
pp. 1-6

D. Gu, Y. Shen
Microstructures and properties of high Cr content coatings on inner surfaces of carbon steel tubular components prepared by a novel mechanical alloying method
Appl. Surf. Sci.
256, 223-230, 2009

S. Ocylok, A. Weisheit
Multi-graded layers by laser cladding for wear and corrosion protection of die-casting moulds
Proceedings of the Fifth WLT-Conference on Lasers in Manufacturing 2009, Munich, June 2009
Stuttgart: AT Fachverl.
1-4, 2009

T. Biermann, A. Weisheit, K. Bobzin, J. Zwick, F. Ernst, K. Richardt
Improving wear and corrosion of magnesium alloys through a combination of thermal spraying and laser cladding
/International Thermal Spray Conference ITSC 2008./ Maastricht/NL, June 2-4, 2008
Düsseldorf: DVS Verl. 2008
5 S

T. Jambor, K. Wissenbach
Micro laser cladding with high quality fibre lasers
Proc. 4th Int. WLT-Conf. on Lasers in Manufacturing, Munich, Germany, June 2007
193-197, 2007