Ultrashort Pulse Processing

Our Service

Since ultrashort pulsed (USP) laser radiation is characterized by both short light-matter interaction times and high intensities, it can be used for precise and almost material-independent laser material processing with negligible heat input into the workpiece. This means that difficult-to-process materials such as carbides, ceramics and glasses can be processed with high precision.

Fraunhofer ILT develops USP beam sources that provide application-specific optimized wavelengths, powers or pulse frequencies. USP laser radiation is used for structuring of surfaces, drilling and cutting of precision components or selective thin-film ablation. Different processes can be used, for example, to achieve precise drilling diameters in the micrometer range or particularly high drilling rates. Furthermore, since the process has such low heat input and, thus, prevents melt films from forming, it can generate structure sizes down to the sub-micrometer range. In addition, composite materials such as carbon fiber-reinforced materials can be processed without wear of the tool and with low heat input into the matrix material. By developing high performance USP lasers with medium power up to the multi-kilowatt range, Fraunhofer ILT helping to scale the developed processes and thereby significantly reduce processing time.

The range of services offered by Fraunhofer ILT includes feasibility studies, experimental investigations, simulations, development of system components, validation of plant concepts, and the implementation of machine concepts.

Chromatically confocal 3D image of pyramid structure enhanced with ps-laser radiation.
© Fraunhofer ILT, Aachen, Germany.
Chromatically confocal 3D image of pyramid structure enhanced with ps-laser radiation.
Multibeam ablation.
© Fraunhofer ILT, Aachen, Germany.
Multibeam ablation.
Unterschiedliche Geometrien hergestellt mittels selektivem laserinduzierten Ätzen.
© Fraunhofer ILT, Aachen, Germany.
Unterschiedliche Geometrien hergestellt mittels selektivem laserinduzierten Ätzen.

Laser Ablation

  • Laser ablation of a wide range of materials (metals, ceramics, glasses, composites) with high precision and low melt formation
  • Production of tools and tool inserts
  • Production of functional surfaces for alteration of wettability, friction behavior and optical properties.
  • Structure sizes < 1 µm at surface precisions below 200 nm

Laser Drilling

  • Precision drilling with diameters > 30 µm at drilling depth of up to 2 mm
  • Microdrilling with hole diameters < 1 µm

Three-dimensional Volume Structuring

  • Manufacturing of waveguides in transparent materials
  • Micro-machining by selective etching


  • Fabrication of three-dimensional polymer microstructures with lateral resolutions < 1 µm

Available Laser Systems

  • Picosecond laser (λ = 355 nm, 532 nm, 1064 nm) up to P = 50 W, τ = 10-15 ps
  • Femtosecond laser (λ = 470 - 2700 nm) up to P = 1.5 W, τ = 100 fs and (λ = 1030 nm) up to P = 150 W, τ = 700, fs - 10 ps


Our brochures offer a quick view onto the service portfolio “Ultrashort Pulse Processing“. Find more detailed information in the “project results“ tab.


Brochure “Application Center Laser Structuring for Tool and Mold Construction“


Brochure “Laser Drilling“


Brochure “Laser Processes for the Efficient Production of Energy Storage Systems“


Brochure “Micro and Nano Structuring with Lasers“


Laser technology can solve demanding tasks in many different industries. Whether as a tool in automotive production, as measuring equipment in the environmental sector, as a diagnostic or therapeutic instrument in medical technology or as a communication medium in space technology, the laser provides multiple uses with high productivity and high efficiency.

Read up about the innovations of the Fraunhofer ILT in a few selected industries and convince yourself!


Carstens, H., Högner, M., Saule, T., Holzberger, S., Lilienfein, N., Guggenmos, A, Jocher, C., Eidam, T., Esser, D., Tosa, V. , Pervak, V., Limpert, J., Tünnermann, A., Kleineberg, U., Krausz, F., Pupeza, I.:
High-harmonic generation at 250  MHz with photon energies exceeding 100  eV.
Optica 3 Nr. 4, 366-369 (2016)

Grossmann, D., Reininghaus, M., Kalupka, C., Kumkar, M., Poprawe, R.:
Transverse pump-probe microscopy of moving breakdown, filamentation and self-organized absorption in alkali aluminosilicate glass using ultrashort pulse laser
Opt. Expr. 24, (20), 23221-23231 (2016)

Hambach, N., Hartmann, C., Keller, S., Gillner, A.:
High density perforation of thin Al-Foils with Ultra Short Pulse Lasers in dependence on the repetition rate
J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng, 11 (2), 192-198 (2016)

Kalupka, C., Finger, J., Reininghaus, M.:
Time-resolved investigations of the non-thermal ablation process of graphite induced by femtosecond laser pulses
J. Appl. Phys. 119, 153105 (5 S.) (2016)

Russbueldt, P., Mans, T., Hoffmann, D., Schippel, S.:
High-average power ultrafast Yb: Innoslab amplifier
In: Ultrashort Pulse Laser Technology: Laser Sources and Applications
Eds.: Nolte, S.; Schrempel, F.; Dausinger, F. Cham [u.a.]: Springer (2016), 117-134

Wueppen, J., Strotkamp, M., Hoffmann, D., Russbueldt, P., Mans, T., Fritzler, S., Schippel, S.:
Laser-triggered electron source for x-ray applications
In: Ultrashort Pulse Laser Technology: Laser Sources and Applications
Eds.: Nolte, S.; Schrempel, F.; Dausinger, F. Cham [u.a.]: Springer (2016), 337-349

Finger, J., Kalupka C., Reininghaus, M.:
High power ultra-short pulse laser ablation of IN718 using high repetition rates
J. Materials Processing Technol. 226 (Dec.), 221-227 (2015)

Reininghaus, M., Kalupka, C., Faley, O., Holtum, T., Finger, J., Stampfer, C.:
Dynamics of ultrashort pulsed laser radiation induced non-thermal ablation of graphite
Appl. Phys. A Online First (6 S.) (2014)

Finger, J., Weinand, M., Wortmann, D.:
Ablation and cutting of carbon-fiber reinforced plastics using picosecond pulsed laser radiation with high average power
J. Laser Appl. 25, (4), 042007-1 (5 S.) (2013)

Finger, J., Weinand, M., Wortmann, D.:
Investigations on processing of carbon fiber reinforced plastics using ultrashort pulsed laser radiation with high average power
ICALEO, 32th International Congress on Applications of Lasers & Electro-Optics : October 6-10, 2013, Miama/Fl., USA, Paper 1905 (6 S.) (2013)

Scotti, G., Trusheim, D., Kanninen, P., Naumenko, D., Schulz-Ruhtenberg, M., Snitka, V., Kallio, T., Franssila, S.:
Picosecond laser ablation for silicon micro fuel cell fabrication
J. Micromech. Microeng. 23, 055021 (14. S.), (2013)

Tulea, C., Caron, J., Wahab, H., Gehlich, N., Hoefer, M., Esser, D., Jungbluth, B., Lenenbach, A., Noll, R.:
Highly efficient nonthermal ablation of bone under bulk water with a frequency-doubled Nd:YVO4 picosecond laser

Proc. SPIE 8565, 85656 E-1 (11 S.) (2013)

Bello-Silva, . S., Wehner, M., de Paula Eduardo, C., Lampert, F., Poprawe, R., Hermans, M., Esteves-Oliveira, M.:
Precise ablation of dental hard tissues with ultra-short pulsed lasers
Lasers in Medical Science, 14 S., (2012)

Holzberger, S., Pupeza, I., Esser, D., Weitenberg, J., Carstens, H., Eidam, T., Russbüldt, P., Limpert, J., Udem, T., Tünnermann, A., Hänsch, T., Krausz, F., Fill, E.:
Sub-25 nm High-Harmonic Generation with a 78-MHz Repetition Rate Enhancement Cavity
Proc. CLEO: QELS-Fundamental Science, Optical  Society of America, QTh5B.7 (2012)

Hoerstmann-Jungemann, M., Dobrzanski, D., Schaefer, D., Kelbassa, I.:
Functionalization of sapphire surfaces using fs-laser radiation and selective etching
ICALEO. 30. Int. Congr. on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics, October 23-27, 2011. M 1203, 1105-1110, (2011)

Reininghaus, M., Finger, J., Faley, O., Wortmann, D., Stampfer, C.:
Non-thermal ablation of graphite by ultrashort pulsed fs-laser radiation
ICALEO. 30. Int. Congr. on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics, October 23-27, 2011. N 102, 8 S., (2011)

Schaefer, D., Beckmann, D., Hoerstmann-Jungemann, M., Kelbassa, I.
Waveguides and markings inside transparent materials by fs-laser radiation
ICALEO 30. Int. Congr. on Applications of Lasers and Electro-Optics, October 23-27, 2011. M1004,5 S., (2011)

Trusheim, D., Schulz-Ruhtenberg, M., Smeets, M., Das, J., Wieduwilt, J.:
Influence of ultra-short pulse laser ablation of silicon nitride passivation layers on electronical cell properties
26th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSEC), Hamburg, (2011)

Wortmann, D., Reinighaus, M., Finger, J., Dold, C., Russbueldt, P., Poprawe, R.:
The physics in applications of ultrafast lasers
Proc. SPIE 8306, 830603, 6 S., (2011)

Kelbassa, I., Wortmann, D., Mans, T., Gottmann, J., Russbueldt, P., Weitenberg, J., Brajdic, M., Hermans, M., Beckmann, D., Poprawe, R.:
High-power ultra-short pulse laser radiation: New sources as key enablers for emerging applications
Pacific International Conference on Applications of Lasers and Optics (PICALO), Shangri-La Hotel, Wuhan, China, 6 S., (2010)

D. Esser, D. Mahlmann, D. Wortmann, J. Gottmann:
Interference microscopy of femtosecond laser written waveguides in phosphate glass
Appl. Phys. B - Lasers and Optics 96, Nr 2-3, 5 S., (2009)

I. Mingareev, A. Horn:
Melt dynamics of aluminium irradiated with ultrafast laser radiation at large intensities
J. Appl. Phys. 106, 13513, 7 S., (2009)

D. Wortmann, I. Mingareev, A. Brand, A. Horn:
Micro-welding of glass by fs-laser irradiation and process observation using fs-pump-probe white light interference microscopy
Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics 2009 and the European Quantum Electronics Conference. CLEO Europe - EQEC 2009, Munich, Mulhouse: European Physical Society, CM2.2 THU, 1 S., (2009)

A. Horn, I. Mingareev, J. Gottmann, A. Werth, U. Brenk:
Dynamical detection of optical phase changes during micro-welding of glass with ultra-short laser radiation
Meas. Sci. Technol 19, 1-6, (2008)

J. Gottmann, D. Wortmann, M. Hörstmann-Jungemann:
Fabrication of sub-wavelength surface ripples and in-volume nanostructures by fs-laser induced selective etching
Appl. Surf. Sci. doi. 10.1016/j.apsusc.2008.10.097 (Online), (2008)

D. Wortmann, J. Gottmann:
Fs-Laser structuring of ridge waveguides
Appl. Phys. A 93, 197-201, (2008)

D. Ganser, L. Starovoytova, D. Wortmann, J. Gottmann, I. Vasilief, L. Moiseev:
Growth of Nd:Gd3Ga5O12 thin films by pulsed laser deposition for planar waveguide laser
J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 3, 19-23, (2008)

R. Poprawe, A. Gillner, D. Hoffmann, J. Gottmann, W. Wawers, W. Schulz:
High speed high precision ablation from ms to fs
Proc. SPIE 7005, 12 S., (2008)

A. Horn, I. Mingareev, A. Werth, M. Kachel, U. Brenk:
Investigations on ultrafast welding of glass-glass and glass-silicon
Appl. Phys. A 93, 171-175, (2008)

A. Horn, I. Mingareev, A. Werth, M. Kachel:
Joining of thin glass with semiconductors by ultra-fast high-repetition laser welding
Proc. SPIE 6880, 6 S., (2008)

J. Gottmann, L. Moiseev, I. Vasilief, D. Wortmann:
Manufacturing of Er:ZBLAN ridge waveguides by pulsed laser deposition and ultrafast laser micromachining for green integrated lasers
Mat. Sci. Eng. B 146, 245-251, (2008)

J. Gottmann, D. Wortmann, R. Wagner:
Manufacturing of periodical nanostructures by fs-laser direct writing
Proc. SPIE 7022, 702202-1-702202-10, (2008)

D. Wortmann, J. Gottmann, N. Brandt, H. Horn-Solle:
Micro- and nanostructures inside sapphire by fs-laser irradiation and selective etching
Opt. Expr. 16, Nr 3, 1517-1522, (2008)

A. Horn, I. Mingareev, A. Werth, M. Kachel, U. Brenk:
Non-interferometric transient quantitative phase microscopy for ultrafast engineering
Appl. Phys. A 93, 165-169, (2008)

I. Mingareev, A. Horn:
Time-resolved investigations of plasma and melt efections in metals by pump-probe shadowgraphy
Appl. Phys. A 92, 917-920, (2008)

M. Hörstmann-Jungemann, J. Gottmann ,D. Wortmann:
Time resolved measurement of the dielectric function during direct fs-laser writing of SiO2 and sapphire
Proc. LPM2008 - 9th Int. Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication
5 S., (2008)

I. Miyamoto, A. Horn, J. Gottmann, D. Wortmann, F. Yoshino:
Fusion Welding of Glass Using Femtosecond Laser Pulses with High-repetition Rates
J. Laser Micro/Nanoeng. 2, 57-63, (2007)

I. Miyamoto, A. Horn, J. Gottmann:
Local Melting of Glass Material and Its Application to Direct Fusion Welding by Ps-laser Pulses
J. Lasermicro/Nanoeng. 2, 7-14, (2007)

Our services cover a wide range of topics. Related topics to Ultrashort Pulse Processing and further research and development focuses can be found under the following links.