Fraunhofer ILT is developing technologies that make it possible to couple qubits photonically. For this, microscopically dimensioned interconnecting structures between the qubits have to be generated. Communication can take place via waveguiding structures integrated into semiconductors by means of local refractive index changes using ultrafast laser radiation. In addition to realizing targeted communication, this also allows for better collection of light emitted from qubits.
One focal point of Fraunhofer ILT’s research is developing surface and integrated structures based on lithium niobate for quantum optical circuits, so-called quantum gates for quantum computers. Elementary components are waveguides with structure sizes of a few micrometers. By using ultrafast laser radiation, the institute can generate corresponding individualized structures directly and at high precision. For optimized photon guidance properties, the surface roughness, in particular, is minimized so that the scattering effects play a negligible role in guiding visible or infrared light and costly post-processing steps can be eliminated.
In addition to micro and nano structuring with ultrafast lasers, selective laser-induced etching (SLE) is used to develop components such as waveguides, gratings, couplers and filters for new applications based on quantum technology.